|Title||Foraging niche segregation between juvenile and adult hawksbill turtles (Eretmochelys imbricata) at Príncipe island, West Africa|
|Publication Type||Journal Article|
|Authors||Ferreira, RL, Ceia, FR, Borges, TC, Ramos, JA, Bolten, AB|
|Year of Publication||2018|
|Journal||Journal of Experimental Marine Biology and Ecology|
|Pagination||1 - 7|
Hawksbill sea turtles are the most tropical sea turtle species with one of the last remaining aggregations in West Africa found on Príncipe Island (1° 37′ N; 7° 23′ E). Here we present for the first time, data on the trophic and foraging ecology of both juvenile and adult hawksbill turtles found in the shallow waters of Príncipe, using stable isotope analyses of carbon (δ13C) and nitrogen (δ15N), and assess any isotopic niche segregation between these two life-stages. Hawksbill turtles were sampled from December 2012 to June 2014, complementary to a snorkeling survey conducted around the entire coastline (ca. 100 km). δ13C and δ15N values were measured in epidermal samples of 40 individuals and analyzed in the context of isotopic niche width and overlap (i.e. trophic and foraging niches). Juveniles hawksbills (n = 29; < 60 cm curved carapace length (CCL)) occupy a significant smaller isotopic niche than adults (n = 11; > 75 cm), especially in relation to δ13C values (i.e. habitat use) but also in δ15N values (i.e. trophic level). Variances between adults and juveniles were not homogenous for both isotopes and larger for adults, particularly for δ13C values. We found significant differences in δ13C values between the two groups, but not for δ15N, and a significant correlation between δ13C values and CCL for the pooled data. SIBER (stable isotopes Bayesian ellipses in R) outcomes support these results and, although niches are not completely segregated, it indicates spatial foraging segregation between juveniles and adults. The fact that Príncipe Island's shallow waters are constantly being patrolled by spearfishermen, together with the existence of a large insular platform and a superior dive capacity in larger hawksbills, might influence this segregation. Our results suggest that part of the adults may be originating from isotopically distinct areas. To have a better understanding on the distribution and abundance of the sea turtle populations in Príncipe, including their connectivity with other foraging and breeding areas, future in-water studies focused mainly on the entire insular platform of Príncipe, but also on the adjacent probable foraging areas of the Gulf of Guinea, are required.
|Short Title||Journal of Experimental Marine Biology and Ecology|