Open Science and Data Management | - CCMAR -

Open Science and Data Management Policy

 

Digital data management is becoming increasingly important as national and European research infrastructures promote Open Science policies throughout the European Research Area. The EU Open Science policy encourages the sharing of scientific data and knowledge to enable greater scientific and industrial innovation and to increase the public understanding of the importance of science to society and social policy. These goals are primarily achieved through open access publication of scientific results, the deposition of scientific data in repositories and catalogues following FAIR data principles (data should be Findable, Accessible, Interoperable, and Reusable), and the dissemination of scientific knowledge to the public through outreach initiatives and the promotion of citizen science.

 

            EU-wide Open Science policies are designed to promote:

  • Research efficiency by sharing data and knowledge openly
  • Transparency of the scientific work process and reproducibility
  • Academic rigour and research quality
  • The development of new cross-cutting research themes
  • The development of public scientific literacy
  • The economic and social impact of science
  • Scientific recognition of research infrastructures and institutions

 

A useful guide to the issues surrounding data management is provided by Science Europe’s Practical Guide to the International Alignment of Research Data Management.

 

Scope:

CCMAR promotes the principles of Open Science in all of it’s research activities, except where data may be restricted by private contract, or otherwise sensitive. It is mandatory for all research output from ESFRI (the European Strategy Forum on Research Infrastructures) RIs to follow the Open Science principles of open access and FAIR data publication such that data are "as open as possible, as closed as necessary". At the national level, open access publication of research studies is mandatory, while strict adherence to a FAIR data publication policy is dependent on the funding call. In the near future Portuguese FCT SR&TD Project Grant calls will enforce a FAIR data publication policy, so adhering to these principles for current research is strongly encouraged.

 

FAIR Data:

FAIR data principles encourage the publication of scientific data so that they are Findable, Accessible, Interoperable, and Reusable. They emphasise the need for scientific data machine-operable and accessible to automated computer-driven systems thereby increasing their interoperability and applicability across disciplines. In short, these goals can be achieved by providing sufficient metadata to contextualise the data products, and depositing them in appropriate Open Science repositories. Metadata is information describing the data for publication, and typically includes unique identifiers and descriptors that follow standardised protocols, vocabularies, and ontologies. Many protocols and ontologies have been designed by research communities for specific research fields. For instance, the Minimum Information About a Plant Phenotyping Experiment (MIAPPE) describes a conceptual checklist of metadata required to adequately describe a plant phenotyping experiment using an agreed upon vocabulary that has been designed by the research community. Likewise, individual research fields and topics may have dedicated open access data repositories where researchers can deposit their FAIR data, e.g. European Nucleotide Archive (EMBL-EBI). However, several general Open Science data repositories also exist, such as EUDAT (EOSC) and Zenodo (CERN, OpenAire).

 

Data Management Plan (DMP):

A Data Management Plan describes the data management life cycle for the data to be collected, and the protocols to be followed to make the data FAIR.

A DMP should include information on:

  • what data will be collected, processed, and/or generated
  • which methodologies and standards will be used
  • how the data will be made FAIR and open access, and
  • how data will be curated and preserved at the end of the project

European Research Council Data Management Plan Template

Various online tools are available to help researchers design an effective DMP - the most appropriate for CCMAR researchers is the ARGOS service of OpenAIRE.

 

General Information:

Science Europe: https://www.scienceeurope.org/our-resources/practical-guide-to-the-international-alignment-of-research-data-management

EU Open Science: https://ec.europa.eu/research/openscience/index.cfm

EU Digital Skills for FAIR and Open Science Report: https://op.europa.eu/en/publication-detail/-/publication/af7f7807-6ce1-11eb-aeb5-01aa75ed71a1

European Open Science Cloud – EOSC-Life: https://www.eosc-portal.eu/eosc-life

FAIR Data – Horizon 2020: http://ec.europa.eu/research/participants/data/ref/h2020/grants_manual/hi/oa_pilot/h2020-hi-oa-data-mgt_en.pdf

FAIR principles publication: https://www.nature.com/articles/sdata201618

 

Open Science in Portugal:

FCT Open Science Portal: https://www.ciencia-aberta.pt/home

Portuguese National Bioinformatics Infrastructure BioData.pt|ELIXIR.pt: https://biodata.pt

Portuguese Forum on Research Data Policy: https://forumgdi.rcaap.pt

EOSC-Synergy Landscapes (Portugal): https://comum.rcaap.pt/handle/10400.26/32849

National Open Access Repositories: http://projecto.rcaap.pt

 

General Open Science Repositories:

Registry of Research Data Repositories: https://www.re3data.org

EUDAT (EOSC): https://b2share.eudat.eu

Zenodo (OpenAire): https://about.zenodo.org

OpenAIRE (Portugal): https://www.openaire.eu/os-portugal

Dryad Digital Repository: https://datadryad.org/stash

PlutoF Data Management and Publishing Platform: https://plutof.ut.ee/#

FAIRsharing: https://fairsharing.org

EOSC Marketplace: https://marketplace.eosc-portal.eu

 

Services:

OpenAIRE Argos DMP: https://argos.openaire.eu

Data Stewardship Wizard (Portugal): https://biodata-pt.ds-wizard.org

The Ontology Lookup Service (OLS): https://www.ebi.ac.uk/ols/index

Research Data Management (RDM) Kit: https://rdmkit.elixir-europe.org

FAIRcookbook: https://fairplus.github.io/the-fair-cookbook

FAIRassist: https://fairassist.org/#!

CESSDA Vocabulary Service: https://vocabularies.cessda.eu/#!discover
 

Training resources:

Foster Open Science Training Courses: https://www.fosteropenscience.eu/toolkit

 

Marine Domain Catalogues and Services:

European Biodiversity Information System (EurOBIS): https://www.eurobis.org

Integrated Marine Information System (IMIS): https://www.vliz.be/en/imis

Marine Data Archive: https://mda.vliz.be

EMBL-EBI Magnify (Marine Domain): https://www.ebi.ac.uk/metagenomics/browse?lineage=root:Environmental:Aquatic:Marine#studies

Pangea: https://www.pangaea.de

German Federation for Biological Data (GFBio): https://www.gfbio.org

World Register Of Marine Species (WoRMS): https://www.marinespecies.org

Global Biodiversity Information Facility (GBif): https://www.gbif.org

 

Others:

RO-Crate: https://www.researchobject.org/ro-crate

Dublin Core Vocabulary: https://www.dublincore.org/specifications/dublin-core/dcmi-terms