|Title||Analysis of Ribosome-Associated mRNAs in Rice Reveals the Importance of Transcript Size and GC Content in Translation.|
|Publication Type||Journal Article|
|Authors||Zhao, D, Hamilton, JP, Hardigan, M, Yin, D, He, T, Vaillancourt, B, Reynoso, M, Pauluzzi, G, Funkhouser, S, Cui, Y, Bailey-Serres, J, Jiang, J, C Buell, R, Jiang, N|
|Year of Publication||2016|
|Date Published||2016 Nov 14|
Gene expression is controlled at transcriptional and post-transcriptional levels including decoding of mRNA into polypeptides via ribosome-mediated translation. Translational regulation has been intensively studied in the model dicot plant Arabidopsis thaliana, and in this study, we assessed the translational status (proportion of steady-state mRNA associated with ribosomes) of mRNAs by Translating Ribosome Affinity Purification followed by mRNA-sequencing (TRAP-seq) in rice (Oryza sativa), a model monocot plant and the most important food crop. A survey of three tissues found that most transcribed rice genes are translated whereas few transposable elements are associated with ribosomes. Genes with short and GC-rich coding regions are over-represented in ribosome-associated mRNAs, suggesting that the GC-richness characteristic of coding sequences in grasses may be an adaptation that favors efficient translation. Transcripts with retained introns and extended 5' untranslated regions are under-represented on ribosomes, and rice genes belonging to different evolutionary lineages exhibited differential enrichment on the ribosomes which was associated with GC content. Genes involved in photosynthesis and stress responses are preferentially associated with ribosomes, whereas genes in epigenetic regulation pathways are the least enriched on ribosomes. Such variation is more dramatic in rice than that in Arabidopsis and is correlated with the wide variation of GC content of transcripts in rice. Taken together, variation in translation status of individual transcripts reflects important mechanisms of gene regulation, which may have a role in evolution and diversification.
|Alternate Journal||G3 (Bethesda)|