|Title||Aluminum and sulphate removal by a highly Al-resistant dissimilatory sulphate-reducing bacteria community.|
|Publication Type||Journal Article|
|Authors||Martins, M, Taborda, R, Silva, G, Assunção, A, Matos, APedro, Costa, MClara|
|Year of Publication||2012|
|Date Published||2012 Sep|
|Keywords||Aluminum, Bacteria, Biodegradation, Environmental, Chemical Precipitation, Microbial Consortia, Molecular Sequence Data, Oxidation-Reduction, Phylogeny, Polymorphism, Restriction Fragment Length, Sulfates, Sulfides, Waste Disposal, Fluid|
A highly Al-resistant dissimilatory sulphate-reducing bacteria community was isolated from sludge of the wetland of Urgeiriça mine (community W). This community showed excellent sulphate removal at the presence of Al³⁺. After 27 days of incubation, 73, 86 and 81% of sulphate was removed in the presence of 0.48, 0.90 and 1.30 mM of Al³⁺, respectively. Moreover, Al³⁺ was simultaneously removed: 55, 85 and 78% of metal was removed in the presence of 0.48, 0.90 and 1.30 mM of Al³⁺, respectively. The dissociation of aluminium-lactate soluble complexes due to lactate consumption by dissimilatory sulphate-reducing bacteria can be responsible for aluminum removal, which probably precipitates as insoluble aluminium hydroxide. Phylogenetic analysis of 16S rRNA gene showed that this community was mainly composed by bacteria closely related to Desulfovibrio desulfuricans. However, bacteria affiliated to Proteus and Ralstonia were also present in the community.