The influence of certain aminoacids and vitamins on post-thaw fish sperm motility, viability and DNA fragmentation. | - CCMAR -

Journal Article

TitleThe influence of certain aminoacids and vitamins on post-thaw fish sperm motility, viability and DNA fragmentation.
Publication TypeJournal Article
AuthorsCabrita, E, Ma, S, Diogo, P, Martínez-Páramo, S, Sarasquete, C, Dinis, MT
Year of Publication2011
JournalAnim Reprod Sci
Date Published2011 May
Keywordsalpha-Tocopherol, Amino Acids, Animals, Antioxidants, Ascorbic Acid, Cell Survival, Comet Assay, Cryopreservation, DNA Fragmentation, In Situ Nick-End Labeling, Male, Perciformes, Semen, Semen Preservation, Sperm Motility, Spermatozoa, Vitamins

During cryopreservation, dilution in the extender media reduces the seminal plasma constituents being cells more vulnerable to oxidative stress. Vitamins (C and E) and the amino acids taurine and hypotaurine are powerful antioxidants naturally present in seminal plasma. Whether their effect may improve sperm quality and reduce sperm DNA damage after cryopreservation in fish sperm still remains unclear. Thus, the aim of the present work was to analyse the effect of extender supplementation with several antioxidant components on post-thawed sperm motility, viability and DNA integrity of two commercial species, gilthead seabream (Sparus aurata) and European seabass (Dicentrarchus labrax). Sperm collected from ten to twelve individuals was cryopreserved in ten different extenders containing: taurine and hypotaurine (1 and 10mM), ascorbic acid (1 and 10mM), α-tocoferol (0.1 and 0.5 mM) or 1 ml/l of a commercial cell antioxidant supplement. Cell viability, motility and DNA fragmentation were determined in post-thawed samples. Addition of antioxidants (vitamins and amino acids) to D. labrax and S. aurata extenders did not significantly increase the parameters of motility (TM, PM, VCL, VSL and Lin) or viability, although 1mM taurine slightly increased the percentage of motile cells (TM) in S. aurata. DNA fragmentation (DNA in tail and Olive tail moment) in D. labrax sperm was higher in treatments containing vitamins than amino acids or control. However in S. aurata sperm, antioxidants especially taurine and hypotaurine, significantly reduced both DNA fragmentation parameters, protecting DNA against strand breaks. These results suggest a species-specific effect depending on the type of antioxidants used.


Alternate JournalAnim. Reprod. Sci.
PubMed ID21482049