|A reference growth curve for nutritional experiments in zebrafish (Danio rerio) and changes in whole body proteome during development.
|Gómez-Requeni, P, Conceição, LEC, Jordal, A-EOlderbakk, Rønnestad, I
|Year of Publication
|Fish Physiol Biochem
|Age Factors, Analysis of Variance, Animal Nutritional Physiological Phenomena, Animals, Body Weights and Measures, Data Collection, Electrophoresis, Gel, Two-Dimensional, Female, Growth Charts, Image Processing, Computer-Assisted, Male, Mass Spectrometry, Proteome, Zebrafish
Zebrafish is one of the most used vertebrate model organisms in molecular and developmental biology, recently gaining popularity also in medical research. However, very little work has been done to assess zebrafish as a model species in nutritional studies in aquaculture in order to utilize the methodological toolbox that this species represents. As a starting point to acquire some baseline data for further nutritional studies, growth of a population of zebrafish was followed for 15 weeks. Furthermore, whole body proteome was screened during development by means of bi-dimensional gel electrophoresis and mass spectrometry. Fish were reared under best practice laboratory conditions from hatching until 103 days post-fertilization (dpf) and regularly fed ad libitum with Artemia nauplii from 12 dpf. A growth burst occurred within 9-51 dpf, reaching a plateau after 65 dpf. Fork length and body weight were significantly lower in males than in females from 58 dpf onwards. Proteomics analysis showed 28 spot proteins differently expressed through development and according to sex. Of these proteins, 20 were successfully identified revealing proteins involved in energy production, muscle development, eye lens differentiation, and sexual maturation. In summary, zebrafish exhibited a rapid growth until approximately 50 dpf, when most individuals started to allocate part of the dietary energy intake for sexual maturation. However, proteomic analysis revealed that some individuals reached sexual maturity earlier and already from 30 dpf onwards. Thus, in order to design nutritional studies with zebrafish fed Artemia nauplii, it is recommended to select a period between 20 and 40 dpf, when fish allocate most of the ingested energy for non-reproductive growth purposes.
|Fish Physiol. Biochem.