|Title||Provenance of organic matter and nutrient conditions on a river- and upwelling influenced shelf: A case study from the Portuguese Margin|
|Publication Type||Journal Article|
|Authors||Alt-Epping, U, Mil-Homens, M, Hebbeln, D, Abrantes, F, Schneider, RR|
|Year of Publication||2007|
|Pagination||169 - 179|
|Keywords||organic matter provenance; upwelling pattern; δ15N; δ13Corg; C/N ratio; Portuguese margin|
Organic matter contained in surface sediments from four regions on the western Portuguese shelf, which are influenced by coastal upwelling and fluvial input, was analysed with respect to elemental organic carbon (Corg) and nitrogen (Ntotal) content and isotopic carbon and nitrogen ratios (δ13Corg, δ15N). Corg/Ntotal weight ratios and δ13Corg values are interpreted in terms of terrigenous or marine organic matter sources, supported by CaCO3 content. Organic matter in the shelf sediments is mainly of marine origin, with increasing terrigenous components only close to rivers and estuaries. In the northern shelf region the data indicates significant terrigenous supply by the Douro River. North of the Nazaré Canyon organic matter composition implies a mainly marine origin, with a higher terrestrial influence close to the canyon head. Organic matter composition in the central shelf region, which is dominated by the Tagus Estuary and the Tagus prodelta, reveals a change from a continental-type signature within the estuary to a more marine-type signature further to the west and south of the estuary mouth. In the southern region near Cape Sines the geochemical properties clearly reflect the marine origin of sedimentary organic matter. Sedimentary δ15N values are interpreted to reflect various degrees of assimilation of seasonally upwelled nitrate, in relation to the upwelling centres. In the estuarine environment, inputs of agriculturally influenced dissolved inorganic nitrogen are reflected in the sediments. No evidence for N2-fixation or denitrification is found. On the central shelf north of the Nazaré canyon, sedimentary δ15N values are close to marine δ15NO3− and thus indicate a complete NO3− assimilation and N-limitation of marine production. Light δ15N values in distal sediments off the Douro River mouth and in samples south of C. Sines reflect high NO3− supply and a close proximity to the seasonal upwelling centres. Particularly in sediments form the Sines region, light δ15N values in southern samples reflect stronger upwelling further south.
|Short Title||Marine Geology|