|Isolation and characterization of piscine osteonectin and downregulation of its expression by PTH-related protein.
|Redruello, B, M Estêvão, D, Rotllant, J, Guerreiro, PM, Anjos, LI, Canario, AVM, Power, DM
|Year of Publication
|J Bone Miner Res
|Amino Acid Sequence, Animals, Base Sequence, DNA, Complementary, Down-Regulation, Gene Expression, Molecular Sequence Data, Osteonectin, Parathyroid Hormone-Related Protein, Phylogeny, RNA, Messenger, Sea Bream, Sequence Alignment, Tissue Distribution, Vitellogenesis
UNLABELLED: The skeleton is the main source of osteonectin mRNA in adults of the seawater teleost sea bream Sparus auratus. It is expressed by cells forming the basement membrane of calcifying tissue indicating that, as in mammals, it may play a role in osteoblast differentiation. PTHrP induced downregulation of osteonectin mRNA in vitro in scales, a mineralizing tissue with bone-like metabolism. This indicates a means to redirect calcium to activities such as vitellogenesis when this ion is in high demand.INTRODUCTION: Osteonectin is a unique matricellular calcium-binding glycoprotein and a major noncollagenous constituent of higher eukaryote bone. In terrestrial vertebrates, it has been associated with development, remodeling, cell turnover, and tissue repair, all processes involving substantial changes in extracellular matrix (ECM) structure. In skeleton biology, osteonectin has been described as a positive factor in the mineralization process as well as in osteoblastic cell lineage differentiation and is downregulated by the hypercalcemic hormone PTH. In this study, we report the cloning and characterization of bream S. auratus osteonectin cDNA and its tissue and cellular distribution. Its high expression by fish scales provides a unique in vitro bioassay with which to study regulation of osteonectin gene expression by the recently isolated piscine PTH-related peptide (PTHrP).MATERIALS AND METHODS: An intervertebral tissue cDNA library from S. auratus was the source of the full-length cDNA clone for osteonectin. Expression studies were performed by semiquantitative RT-PCR, Northern blot, and in situ hybridization analysis. Moreover, an in vitro bioassay with S. auratus scales was specifically developed for measuring the effect of PTHrP on osteonectin expression.RESULTS AND CONCLUSIONS: Phylogenetic analysis showed that S. auratus osteonectin is highly homologous with previously reported osteonectins, supporting the idea of a conserved function for this protein in the ECM. Its expression pattern in adult tissues from S. auratus was markedly biased toward skeletal structures of both dermal or endochondral origin. More specifically, the localization of the osteonectin mRNA in the basement membrane that separates the epithelia from the underlying mineralized connective tissue supports a role for this protein in calcified matrix turnover. Furthermore, the recently identified piscine hypercalcemic factor PTHrP downregulates osteonectin expression in scales, suggesting a catabolic action for this hormone on these structures.
|J. Bone Miner. Res.