Water absorption and bicarbonate secretion in the intestine of the sea bream are regulated by transmembrane and soluble adenylyl cyclase stimulation. | CCMAR
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TítuloWater absorption and bicarbonate secretion in the intestine of the sea bream are regulated by transmembrane and soluble adenylyl cyclase stimulation.
Publication TypeJournal Article
Year of Publication2012
AuthorsCarvalho, ESM, Gregório, SF, Power, DM, Canário, AV, Fuentes, J
JournalJ Comp Physiol B
Volume182
Questão8
Pagination1069-80
Date Published2012 Dec
ISSN1432-136X
Palavras-chaveAdenylyl Cyclase Inhibitors, Adenylyl Cyclases, Animals, Aquaculture, Bicarbonates, Biological Transport, Enzyme Inhibitors, Fish Proteins, In Vitro Techniques, Intestinal Absorption, Intestinal Mucosa, Intestines, Isoenzymes, Membrane Proteins, Membrane Transport Modulators, Organ Specificity, Phosphodiesterase Inhibitors, Sea Bream, Seawater, Solubility, Water-Electrolyte Balance
Abstract

In the marine fish intestine luminal, HCO₃⁻ can remove divalent ions (calcium and magnesium) by precipitation in the form of carbonate aggregates. The process of epithelial HCO₃⁻ secretion is under endocrine control, therefore, in this study we aimed to characterize the involvement of transmembrane (tmACs) and soluble (sACs) adenylyl cyclases on the regulation of bicarbonate secretion (BCS) and water absorption in the intestine of the sea bream (Sparus aurata). We observed that all sections of sea bream intestine are able to secrete bicarbonate as measured by pH-Stat in Ussing chambers. In addition, gut sac preparations reveal net water absorption in all segments of the intestine, with significantly higher absorption rates in the anterior intestine that in the rectum. BCS and water absorption are positively correlated in all regions of the sea bream intestinal tract. Furthermore, stimulation of tmACs (10 μM FK + 500 μM IBMX) causes a significant decrease in BCS, bulk water absorption and short circuit current (Isc) in a region dependent manner. In turn, stimulation of sACs with elevated HCO₃⁻ results in a significant increase in BCS, and bulk water absorption in the anterior intestine, an action completely reversed by the sAC inhibitor KH7 (200 μM). Overall, the results reveal a functional relationship between BCS and water absorption in marine fish intestine and modulation by tmACs and sAC. In light of the present observations, it is hypothesized that the endocrine effects on intestinal BCS and water absorption mediated by tmACs are locally and reciprocally modulated by the action of sACs in the fish enterocyte, thus fine-tuning the process of carbonate aggregate production in the intestinal lumen.

DOI10.1007/s00360-012-0685-4
Sapientia

http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/22752677?dopt=Abstract

Alternate JournalJ. Comp. Physiol. B, Biochem. Syst. Environ. Physiol.
PubMed ID22752677
Source