PRL and GH synthesis and release from the sea bream (Sparus auratus L.) pituitary gland in vitro in response to osmotic challenge. | - CCMAR -

Journal Article

TítuloPRL and GH synthesis and release from the sea bream (Sparus auratus L.) pituitary gland in vitro in response to osmotic challenge.
Publication TypeJournal Article
AuthorsFuentes, J, Brinca, L, Guerreiro, PM, Power, DM
Year of Publication2010
JournalGen Comp Endocrinol
Date Published2010 Aug 1
Palavras-chaveAnimals, Growth Hormone, Pituitary Gland, Prolactin, Salinity, Sea Bream, Sodium-Potassium-Exchanging ATPase, Temperature, Water-Electrolyte Balance

The endocrine factors prolactin (PRL) and growth hormone (GH) are believed to have counteracting effects in the adaption of fish to changes in environmental salinity. In order to further investigate this interaction sea bream were challenged with full seawater (SW) or freshwater (FW) for 7 days and the response of pituitary glands cultured in vitro to an osmotic challenge (230, 275 and 320 mOsm/kg) was assessed. In vitro PRL secretion from pituitaries of SW-adapted fish was unaltered in response to an osmotic challenge, while GH secretion increased in the lowest osmolality (230 mOsm/kg). In contrast, both GH and PRL secretion by pituitaries from FW challenged fish was significantly increased (p<0.01) over that of pituitaries from SW fish at the highest osmolality (320 mOsm/kg). After FW challenge pituitary PRL content and de novo synthesised and released PRL were significantly increased (p<0.01), while total PRL secretion was not different from SW animals. GH pituitary content decreased in FW animals while total secretion and secretion of de novo synthesised protein were significantly increased (p<0.01). In addition, after transfer of fish to FW expression of PRL and GH increased 3- and 2-fold, respectively. Despite the increase in PRL expression, no increase in total PRL secretion occurred and although in gills a 2-fold increase in the osmoregulatory marker, Na(+)/K(+)-ATPase activity was detected, profound haemodilution and a cumulative mortality of 40% occurred in sea bream placed in FW. Taken together the results suggest that the sea bream pituitary gland fails to respond appropriately to the osmotic challenge caused by low salinity and the physiological response evoked in vivo is not enough to allow this species to withstand and adapt to FW.


Alternate JournalGen. Comp. Endocrinol.
PubMed ID20406642
CCMAR Authors