|Cloning, expression, and tissue localisation of prolactin in adult sea bream (Sparus aurata).
|Santos, CR, Brinca, L, Ingleton, PM, Power, DM
|Year of Publication
|Gen Comp Endocrinol
|Amino Acid Sequence, Animals, Blotting, Northern, Blotting, Southern, Blotting, Western, Cloning, Molecular, Humans, In Situ Hybridization, Molecular Sequence Data, Perciformes, Polymerase Chain Reaction, Prolactin, Sequence Alignment
A major action of prolactin (PRL) in teleost fish is the maintenance of hydromineral balance in euryhaline species in fresh water. The function of PRL in marine teleosts is less certain and unlike euryhaline teleosts, such as tilapia and salmon, there is relatively little information about protein or gene structure. Associated with studies to determine potential functions of PRL, pituitary prolactin cDNA has been cloned and sequenced from sea bream (Sparus aurata), a marine teleost. The sequence obtained spanned 1349 bp and contained an open reading frame encoding a protein of 212 amino acids composed of a putative signal peptide of 24 residues and a mature protein of 188 amino acids. N-terminal sequencing of the native protein confirmed unambiguously the cleavage site, Ala24, Val25, predicted from alignments of the sea bream PRL cDNA with that of other teleosts. The presence of only one form of PRL in sea bream was supported by identification using Northern blots of only a single transcript of 1.35 kb. Reverse transcription and polymerase chain reaction techniques coupled with Southern blot analysis resulted in the detection of PRL in the pituitary but also in the intestine, liver, ovary, and testes.
|Gen. Comp. Endocrinol.